A standard tool for obstetricians since the 1960s, sonograms provide images of a fetus inside a mother’s uterus. This ultrasound technology allows your Queens doctor to closely monitor the health of mother and child during pregnancy. Potential problems are identified and treated promptly. Usually first performed during the initial trimester, sonograms provide valuable information throughout your pregnancy. They’re safe, effective and part of every woman’s prenatal care. Call the Medex Diagnostic and Treatment Center to for a prenatal appointment.

Sonograms are ultrasound tests that generate a picture of the fetus inside your womb. These images allow your gynecologist to safely observe your baby’s growth and development while still in your uterus. By bouncing sound waves off your internal tissues, sonograms deliver an accurate picture of your child’s movements for diagnostic and preventative purposes.

Your first fetal sonogram usually occurs during your first trimester. The sonogram images confirm your pregnancy and help your doctor determine how long you’ve been pregnant. With this information, your prenatal gynecologist provides an estimated due date. If your pregnancy is uneventful, your next sonogram occurs in your second trimester to ensure proper growth and anatomical development.

If your doctor has some concerns regarding your pregnancy or the baby’s growth, you may need follow-up ultrasounds or even other imaging tests, such as a magnetic resonance imaging or MRI. Additional tests help diagnose and treat abnormalities. Fortunately, everything you need for proper prenatal support is available at the Medex Diagnostic and Treatment Center in Queens, NY.

Types of Sonograms Available

Depending on your condition, your doctor chooses from six different types of sonograms to view your abdomen. All are painless, safe and effective diagnostic tools. All send sound waves to your uterus and translates the reflected waves into a picture on a monitor. While all are common, most physicians prefer to use either a transabdominal or a transvaginal ultrasound. The six types of sonograms are:

  1. Transabdominal ultrasound. Your Medex technician moves a wand or transducer across your abdomen, pressing slightly to get the best view.
  2. Transvaginal ultrasound. This sonogram is needed either early in your pregnancy or if a transabdominal ultrasound doesn’t provide a clear picture. As the name implies, this imaging test is performed by inserting a thin wand into your vagina.
  3. Fetal echocardiography. This test monitors your baby’s heart rate to detect any congenital heart conditions.
  4. 3D ultrasound. This exam helps your doctor identify any facial anomalies or other neurological conditions.
  5. Specialized sonographic evaluation. This is a more advanced test that helps your doctor diagnose and eventually treat any unusual or suspicious development.
  6. Doppler ultrasound. This specialized ultrasound detects minute movements. It’s especially useful for observing your baby’s blood flow.

Reasons Your Doctor Requests a Sonogram

Sonograms during your pregnancy allow your Queens doctor to keep a close watch on your baby’s development. Having access to clear pictures of your baby’s growth helps your prenatal specialist provide the best possible treatment for many fetal abnormalities, protecting both the mother and child. Other reasons your doctor may request a sonogram are to:

What Happens During a Sonogram?

Fetal sonograms have a long history. They’re considered very safe when performed by trained doctors and technicians, which is always the case at the Medex Diagnostic and Treatment Center. During the procedure, you recline on an examining table with a bare abdomen. The technician applies a gel to your belly to enhance the conduction of sound waves.

During your sonogram, the technician then moves the transducer —a wand or probe that emits the sound waves — across your abdomen to gain a clear picture of your baby. Depending on your pregnancy stage, you may be able to see arms, legs, hands, feet and a face. Meanwhile, your prenatal doctor takes measurements and checks for abnormalities.

After the imaging process is complete, your technician wipes the gel from your skin. You meet with your Medex gynecologist, who interprets the results and discusses any concerns. Ultrasound imaging allows your doctor to keep you and your baby as healthy as possible. Contact this Queens multi-specialty facility to get the best prenatal care, which includes sonograms as needed.

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